* Armstrong Fairbairn (Fairy Bear-Fair Beorn)

The Elwalds and Armstrangs did convene;
They were a gallant companie—
“We‘ll ride and meit our lawful king,
And bring him safe to Gilnockie.”

Can’t seem to get the Armstrong out of my DNA, with the off border displacement (2/17/2018);

Clans of Scotland: Armstrong

Historical Information for the Armstrong;


Armstrong please sort out in above site your info.

Armstrong note;




Google; “Clan Crozier” MSE 4/13/2016

Windy Edge Wind Farm,

Somewhat a genealogist. Dad, was an excellent one, and seem to build on him. Recently decease, and died in his hometown of Mt Ayr, Iowa, USA, where a great proportion of the people living in this small enclave their descendants are of this small border community just north of the Missouri border. Borderers seem to like borders, and I live in the four corners region of the US, where the corners of New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, and Colorado, and the borders of many governments, where the Navajo Nations is, land size about half that of the UK.

Any way thought I, being of the Society of Friends, a searcher, or seeker, as the Later Day Saints, say, find your ancestors find oneself, and with Y-DNA, following my Y-Chromosomes decided to chase down my father’s father. Entering Fermanagh, then Scotland, felt after being away for four century, no one in the UK would believe me.

Granddad was hidden away of north by the baud Buccleuch, who I call buck, have a difficult time with pronouncing his name. He uses a buck, as a symbol for Buccleuch Estates, but use Elliot(t)s Walter (what a name for an Elliot of Scotland), and myself believe the name is from a bucking stream. Buck is married to a Kerr, and I blame his wife on being a romantic in believing that the family started from all the land a buck can travel on. It is felt she drug me into to this thing in the first place.

He has all the land because he would bail the Armstrong and my branch at the time referred to as the Elwald-Ellot, as found properly in The Chronicles.

The Armstrong Trust is fairly new, and has not been contaminated by domination by influences other than Armstrong, and properly supported a group, Malcolm MacGregor, chairman. The MacGregor, were chased out of the north to the borderlands, and the Armstrong were chased out of the borderlands to the north. The chief of Clan MacGregor, a Malcolm also is married to an Armstrong on the board of this trust.

The name of the group is properly called The Hermitage Action Group, the the proposed wind farm is called by an obscure name of the region Windy Edge.

Today the Armstrong share similar characteristics and have been displaced all over Scotland, and are connect through the internet.

Fallago Rig (Ridge) on the Scottish side of the border, which the Duke of Northumberland, tried to stop who is a border brother to Buck, and he was going up against; Buck rivals and that of the Armstrong; Cessford; the Duke of Roxburghe (Roxburghshire), Ferniehirst (big in Brittish politics, Clan Kerr chief), and my relation Redheugh, but as the Armstrong have pointed out I am of Gorrenberry.

Today’s Redheugh chief is female an her husband not an Eliott has taken over with his corporate North British Windpower NBW (Google it), British MI6, links, so I get to border reive into the UK a descendant of the most notorious Clementis Hobs; in today’s language Clement Crozier’s nephew Robert Elliott. Had a brother named Robert Elliott (deceased). He first lived with uncle on land of Stobs then on Gorrenberry, and his father a refugee would come form where he was hidden away by Buck at the time on land of Gave that of Baillillie (likely Bailly Bye). This was near land which Martin Ellot leaving on Bothwell lease land of Braidly near Hermitage Castle owned up north but did not live on. Martin Ellot therefore could be called “of” Braidly though the land he owned was up north, in much the same way it is the Infinis Windy Edge wind farm and not The Hermitage Castle wind farm.

Given in the case of Fallago Rig that the Scottish Border Council was superseded by The Scottish Government, and today’s Armstrong because of The Union are internet linked ans scattered away from the borders, would like these UK Armstrong to take advantage of this an contact there local Scottish Government official, and speak out against the appeal on Infinis Windy Edge (Hermitage Castle), wind farm, because it affects the heritage of all reivers which were spread into the English Plantations of the world, and do not want to travel overseas back to their Scottish border homeland to see a wind farm place near the Hermitage Castle, because Buccleuch is still feuding with the Kerrs of Cessford and Ferniehirst.


Search engine bias by adding a 2 to elliot;

search engine Elliot history bias by adding a 2




and see for yourself.

QuintusPentillus of Clan Eliott Wikipedia linking to;


Can anyone figure out who QuintusPentillus is?

MSE  1/14/2016

It should be noted;

Changed Elliot history

Try links;

Of above;


Link provided by above;


Now link from scotclans.com giving today’s modified history;


MSE   4/15/2016



United Kingdom Armstrong please pass link to an Elliot;

What’s an Elliott of Clan Elliot?

For St. Andrew;

St. Andrews (Andreas), Proto-Germanic Linguistic Evolution

and, our Crozier allies;

Surname, via forename, by adding “s”&”son”


The Clan Eliott Wikipedia has been hijacked it doesnot contained history of  THE NAME, as expressed by the chief’s father and grandmother;



Basic to THE NAME on in the History of The Elliot Clan Society;


Hopefully people will realize the Clan Crozier does not need to remain a vanquished clan and should be Unvanquished as their allied clan the Armstrong are and will speak up for them.

On Wiki Clan Elliot website  12/9&19/2015

It is even basic to the German Wikipedia Clan Elliot website;


Nach der Legende kommt das Extra-“t” in Elliott von der Bekehrung der Elliotts zum https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clan_Elliot
Christentum und soll ein Kreuz symbolisieren. Die unterschiedliche Schreibweise wird in diesem Reim verdeutlicht:

The double L and single T
Descent from Minto and Wolflee,
The double T and single L
Mark the old race in Stobs that dwell.
The single L and single T
The Eliots of St Germains be,
But double T and double L,
Who they are nobody can tell.
Robert Bell dichtete in “The Book of Scots-Irish Family Names” hinzu: “For double L and double T, the Scots should look across the sea!”

By not having this saying which identifies all Eliot, Eliott, Elliot, and Elliott the web page has been hijacked.

Mark Elliott    12/20/2015



Though Infinis Windy Edge Wind Farm near Hermitage Castle was voted against by the Scottish Borders Council


it now is in appeal;


The Armstrong – Fairbairn Link

Would like the Elwald line to become part of the Armstrong Clan

Please open the following if you can help;

Elwald de Armstrong

Bear-Fairbairn, Elk-Elwald, & Wolf-Louman – Gorrenberry

Armstrong Fairbairn Elliot Y-DNA link – – Gorrenberry

By DeWitt Armstrong and Donald Fairburn. FromThe Milnholm Cross Newsletter, Summer Milnholm Cross 1991, Vol. III No.4. This was the newsletter of The Clan Armstrong Trust and is now called The Milnholm Cross and Trust Topics. The Clan Armstrong Trust helped start the Armstrong Clan Society. Also in The Armstrong Chronicles, August, 2005.

Miln (grain/grist water mill) holm (low lying land beside a river; a meadow)

Miln (grain/grist water mill) holm (low lying land beside a river; a meadow)

Milnholm map Correction; Milnholm Cross addition     tMilnholm Cross R B Armstrong The top shield added. Without the shield, it looks, like a cross.    Robert Bruce Armstrong in The History of Liddesdale….. Above does not show shield, and below says shield is recent 1883


Milnholm Cross shield is recent

********************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************************* New info; 1/29/2014 It should be noted; Croser Loumane Robert de Lawis Alex Armstrong 1376   Armystrand Armstrong

The earliest record of the name in 1376 is Armystrand (army strand). Where strand means; In Webster’s;


In the Dictionary of the Scottish Language (DSL);

Strand DSL   Traitors-of-Leven-map1


On following map additions Dated 10/1/2015;

WESTMORLANDIAE et Cumberlandiae Comitatum



liddel map

Army of the Ermydoune (army fort), Ermytage/Hermitage (army post), is likely the Elwald (Ellot/Elliot) of the foresta (groves), The army stranded along the Liddel Water is likely the Armystrand/Armstrang/Armstrong, and the army for the foot of Kerhopefoot, the Kerhope (valley of the Ker) is likely the Ker. These are the first armies with support of the Scots and Douglases, to defend Scotland. MSE   3/15/2104 Was finding Armstrong at Kerhopefoot, so changed the Kerr Tower to an Armstrong Tower. To the north still of Whitehaugh Tower on the Liddel Water is Mangerton Tower. The name for Alexandir Armystrand of Mangerton, in 1376 was the name Armystrand/army strand, because; they were the army stranded along the Liddel Water. MSE  1/29/2014


Milnholm Cross and Elwand to Sword

Christogram IHS –a monogram symbol of Jesus Christ in form of an acronym. This would symbolize, I feel a burial. R B Armstrong wrote extensively on the history of the Liddesdale region in the nineteenth century. It is felt that what is now called a Milnholm Cross is a sword, but previously to the sword it was a cross, as given in R B Armstrong’s book.   For the Armstrong the cross had been turned into a sword, and for the Elwald (Elwand), the elwand (Scottish ell measuring stick), also had been turned into a sword, which gives misrepresentation of the original nature of the Armstrong, and Elwald. The Armstrong name-legend most widely known appears in many places, but the earliest version was written in 1754. Curiously, every other version contains the same elements and the same omissions. The story goes that in an ancient battle the King of the Scots was unhorsed. His armor bearer Fairbairn, with one arm, picked up the king and sat him upon Fairbairn’s own horse. The grateful king decreed that Fairbairn should thereafter be know as Armstrong, and gave him land along the Scottish Border.     Want to thank my brother german (one who shares the same Y-DNA) Robert P. Elliott, for providing this information. It took a lot of research to be able to correlate a grouping of surname locations, with the grouping of the close Y-DNA, and  recently am able  to determine where the Y-DNA fingerprint was placed.

Rutherford, Scot, Ker, Armstrong, Burns DNA distance Given the grouping of names in the region of the Liddel/Leven Waters, and the closeness of our Y-DNA, what is referred to as THE DANIEL GROUPING definitely left a Y-DNA fingerprint in this region. Unmentioned in any version are details of the battle, the name of the king, and who won. Partly because the name Armstrong is recorded along the Border as early as 1223, a consensus among our clan historians inclines towards the Battle of the Standard in 1138, when David I lost to the English about 90 miles south of the Border. To us this seems reasonable, especially since the legend makes no claim that, owing to Fairbairn’s gallant rescue, the Scots were victorious. Had they won, would the legend have failed to say so? Another legend, however, has come down through centuries of Armstrong. It used to be immersed in a fog of fairy tales, closely matching Danish folklore, whose interest for our present purpose would be slight, except for the appearance within them of the Fairy Bear, which is to say the Fair Beorn. According to this ancient legend, the Armstrong progenitor was an Anglo-Danish Earl of York, Northumbria, Huntingdon, and Northampton named Siward. Earl Siward was a great warrior, sometimes called, ‘the Strong’, and he was a major figure in the final chapters of Anglo Saxon history just before the Norman Conquest in 1066. The College of Heralds says that Earl Siward’s father was an Earl in England named Beorn, and some scholars say that Siward was a nephew of Cnut (or Canute), King of England. It was Cnut, at any rate, who about 1033 made Siward the Earl of York. Siward then conquered Northumbria about 1042, to bring that kingdom for the first time under the English monarch, with Siward as its earl. On gaining the English throne, Edward the Confessor kept Siward in his earldoms, so that Siward remained one of the most powerful men in Britain. Then, up in Scotland, Macbeth killed King Duncan, who had married Earl Siward’s sister (or possibly his cousin ). Siward provided sanctuary for Malcolm, son of Duncan, and in 1054 led his army north, accompanied by Malcolm At Dunsinane, Earl Siward defeated Macbeth, whereupon Siward’s nephew (or cousin) became Malcolm III, of Scots. (Editor) This killing by Macbeth and mention of Siward’s victory is noted in Shakespeare’s play Macbeth. Let us now note some evidence incised in stone. From Shakespeare’s play Macbeth. Recall the witches’ prophecy “… until great Birnam Wood to high Dunsinane Hill shall come..”, and we recall Siward’s troops advancing camouflaged with oak bows. Well, oak trees and bows appear on a number of ancient Armstrong coats of arms, some still visible on tombstones along the Scottish Border and in Northern Ireland. Also appearing on tombstones are swords of Danish Viking style. Moreover, the main feature of the most ancient Armstrong monument, the Milnholm Cross in Liddesdale, (dating from between 1250 and 1350), is a great two-handed, cross-hilt sword of the Viking sort. A similar sword is on the 1583 arms of the Armstrong clan chief, among the remains of Mangerton.

RBA (4)

Northumbria under William the Conqueror but in 1076 was beheaded for rebellion. Siward’s elder son Osbeorn was killed in the battle at Dunsinane, but he left two sons of his own, Siward the Fair (or the White) and Siward the Red. About the latter we know only through family legend, but the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles and other contemporary sources call the former by the name of Siward Barn, and they tell of four events in his life. 1)In 1070, King Malcolm while ravaging Northumbria, found on ships at the mouth of the Wear River and a band of royal and noble Anglo-Saxons. They were Edward the Confessor’s heir Edgar Atheling, his mother and sisters, plus Siward Barn, Earl Marlswein, and ‘several other Englishmen of great rank and wealth’. Having failed in a Danish aided attempt to expel William the Conqueror, they hoped for refuge in Scotland. Malcolm assured them of safe residence there, and after his return soon married Atheling’s sister Margaret, whose profoundly civilizing effect upon Malcolm and Scotland led to her sainthood. 2)In 1071, another revolt against William the Conqueror occurred. Siward Barn brought a large body of troops deep into England, to Ely, and joined in rebellion with several noble kinsmen, including Hereward the Wake and the former earls Morcar and Edwin. Against them William the Conqueror personally led the counteroffensive, shattering the rebel force. Capturing Siward Barn and Morcar, he kept them alive, as captives, in Normandy for seventeen years. 3)When dying in 1087, King William the Conqueror released Morcar and Siward Barn. Morcar was re-imprisoned by the new king of England. Siward Barn managed to avoid capture and re-imprisonment. The final written record of Siward Barn is dated 1091, in Durham, near the Border and well east of Carlisle. It is a charter bearing signatures of King William Rufus, of royal officials, and of noble witnesses. The latter include several earls and Siward Barn. Historians think the charter may be a forgery made a few decades later. Even if it is, we see that a knowledgeable ecclesiastical forger of the early 1100s regarded Siward Barn as a Border region noble sufficiently worthy to list in exalted company. The language used between 1104 and 1108 by the Durham chronicler Simeion to report the 1087 release by the dying king is worth noting. Simeon wrote “he liberated. . . Siward surnamed Barn.. .”. The significance for us is that nine centuries ago scarcely anyone in Britain possessed a surname. Only in the 1100s did surnames begin to appear, and most people lacked them until the 1300s or 1400s. Spelling was picturesquely variable in the Middle Ages, and later, too. Bjorn, Biorn, Beorn, Barne, Barne, Burn, and Bairn could equally be used for the same person, even though in Denmark Bjorn meant ‘bear’ and in Scotland Bairn meant ‘child’. We could hardly be so foolish as to assert that no Fairbairn in Scotland by the 1500s, say, owed hissurname to the juvenile handsomeness of some forbearer. But we do believe that the Border landholder Thomas Fairbarne who sued in a North Tynedale court in 1279 derived his name from Earl Siward’s grandson Siward Barn. Further research into records of the region, we feel, may well turn up still earlier Fairbarns, however spelled Research by the Clan Armstrong Trust in Scotland has uncovered earlier instances of the sllnl’!h’tlt: Armstrohgin the early 1200s. Their locations, like Thomas Fairbarne’s, are all in the near vicinity of the Border as it then existed. In that era Scotland and England were still actively contending for possession of Northumberland and Cumberland. Even though the second Anglo-Norman king turned the Carlisle area into an English stronghold in 1092, that area was frequently held by Scottish monarchs thereafter. Penrith, located further south, was often a possession of the King of Scots as well. RBA (1) These are areas where the Armstrong were recorded in the 1200s. Exactly when the Armstrong settled in Liddesdale will probably never be known for sure. On that front line, records did not survive the incessant warfare. Some students think Liddesdale was Armstrong country during the 1200s and possibly during some of the 1100s. Just across a saddle in the Cheviot Hills from Liddesdale lay North Tynedale, where we know of one Fairbarne in 1279. So these two legends, of Armstrong descent from Siward through Siward Barn (or the Fair), and of Fairbairn renamed Armstrong by a rescued king, strike us as simply two sides of the same coin. To date, each new discovery has tended to reinforce this opinion, to support the ancient conviction that Armstrong and Fairburn (or Fairbairns) are the same stock. Short of the Pearly Gate we are not likely to know for sure, but let the search go on!

Editor Milton:There are, as you probably know, other theories as to our name origin.

Save Hermitage Castle’s Iconic Landscape


Chronicles of the Armstrong ed. by James Lewis Armstrong, M. D. Published 1902 by The Marion press in Jamaica, Queens borough, N.Y . Saga of Fairy Bear (1) Saga of Fairy Bear (2) Saga of Fairy Bear (3) Saga of Fairy Bear (4) Berwald


Mark Elliott    9/8/2013

Though I know there are a lot of writers out there that can do a better job of updating the Fairy Bear story, the following gives a small approach, by me in an update form in case anyone is interested.

Fairy Bear

Mark Elliott                 10/21/2013

Migrating With the Fairy Bear;

Armstrong Fairy Bear story

Migrating with the Fairy Bear

Mark Elliott                                      11/13/2013

With the surname Elliott, Why I Am An Armstrong

 Horseleyhill venn line name sharing

Note; on the Redheugh shield there is an elwand (a wand an ell long), a length standardize in Edinburgh used in the measurement of land. The Elwand  of the early sixteenth century were sometimes called Elwand, as symbolized on the shield, and indicative to their skill set as surveyors. On he Lariston shield is a stag’s head, evolve once for the name Elchwald (misspelled today as Eichwald in were it is easy to get and “I” mixed up with an “l”), meaning Elch (moose) or the wald (forest). Since moose were extinct like today in Scotland a stag’s head was used. It should be noted; the people of the marsh (Ker), like a moose is of the marsh still are known to use the moose head.

Though Maggie daughter of Arthur Eliott, and I are closely related, with both families of Horseliehill/Horseleyhill showing similar name usage. As you can see in the venn diagram, both families at the time of branching, hers to Stobs (stobs so named, because of the land being in trees, and line-of-sight or metes-and-bounds surveying was impracticable, therefore staking or stobs would be used as shown on the 1654 Bleau Map), and my family went to Ulster Plantation (Fermanagh) at the time of the Union of the Crowns.

 Stobs, Cavers, map

Her family is of Redheugh, and my family is of Lariston/Goranberry. The ladies of Lariston had the curse of Helen Kid placed upon them so my family, with the help of sister-in-law to Gilbert, married to deceased, Robert, helped us relocate to the Ulster Plantation. My granddad Dan (Andrew) Ellot, who fought for Branxholm (Buck), became Daniel Ellot/Elliott in Ulster, and his grandson Daniel left Ulster, as Daniel Ellot, Episcopalian, of which the Hamilton were and what Buck (Buck the Duke of Buccleuch Estates, any time in history) is today, to settle in the American Plantation.

Granddad Andrew (Dan), was the grandfather of Dandie/Daniel of the Ulster Plantation, and the great-great grandfather of Daniel Ellot to Elliot in the American Plantation. He was also the older brother to Gavin of Stobs, who was the step father to Gilbert. Because of some problems, his son Robert Elwald/Ellot was adopted by his uncle Clement Crosar (Crozier) ca 1566, of Stobs, which Andrew father being hidden away in Baillillie, by the Scott family for killing a Douglas. Name Baillillie comes from baillie (like bailiff, but more like a commissioner). Many of my family were well educated by within the family tutors, and were bailles. Like Andrew the Kow/Cow (cowie based) baillee/comminsioner of Shelkirk, and Daniel of Fermanagh, older brother Robert was baille with title, to the John Hamilton family of Armagh, and likely died in the Irish Rebellion of 1642 (son Robert surveyed land). It should be noted that I suspect the first Cowie of Goranberry, because of the name Andrew the Kow/Cow, was Andrew’s father and Andrew (Dand) also who was hidden away up north by Buck, and came done to Goranberry to visit his younger brother Achibald (Arche) Kene (wise), and his son Clementis Hob (Clement Crosar’s (Crozier), nephew Robert Elwald/Ellot), and on these visits because he was a wanted man he stayed hidden away. In order not to disclosed who was doing all the work the close family just called him Cowie/Kowie.

Because the Crozier are a sept of the Armstrong Clan, and Clementis Hob ca 1566, was adopted by uncle Clement Crosar (Crozier), this is one thing which makes me of the Armstrong Clan.

My family tutored stepson Gilbert, and his oldest son William, of which the last name Eliott of the Redheugh family Eliott of Stobs is derived. The people of the Ulster Plantation, did not pass on the names Gilbert, or Walter, though I know Walter is an Elliot name in the United Kingdom. The Armstrong of Fermanagh, also did not seem to use these names. It should be noted that William Eliott who married a Douglas is a hero to my line, and the use of the name Archibald from Archibald Douglas was proudly used by the Ellot of the early Ulster Plantation.

It should be noted that in the Fairy Bear Story the Bear (Armstrong), and the Elch/Elg (moose) are friends but the Elch/Elg (Elwald-Ellot-Elliot), are not friends with the Lomane (wolf).

There is an aspect of people with the name Elliott which have origins from Wm de Aliot (France), and this concept is being propose by the Elliott Clan, as the only concept. It can be seen on the Elliot Clan Map, where the home of Martin Ellot, who was in-term chief of the Ellot Clan when no Robert, is placed in the north and not near the Hermitage Castle where his family was from.

The the Elliott Clan the Elch/Elg/Elk (moose), is extinct and does not exist, and therefore I do not exist to the Elliott Clan, and though branching from Horseleyhill of Maggie of the Redheugh line, once we left to America, where there Elch/Elg/Elk (moose), that is where you find the Elliott which contain my Y-DNA.

wolfs bear elk

The Elchwald (Elwald-Ellot) liked the Fairy Bear (Armstrong);

Berwald Elchwald

But did not like the Loumaines (name pretty much has changed or is near extinction)/ wolfs;


There is a hunter, in the United Kingdom which would like to blast this moose head off, since I am extinct to the United Kingdom I wish him luck, though he has done an excellent job of searching and is getting things correct. Can not complete my research without the hunter. That hunter has taken the Wm de Aliot line into a high level of correction, where it is not being dominated by those of the United Kingdom with the name of Elliot, which altered the truth of my family off. For this hunter, I am thankful. The Border Elliot, when the spelled the name as Elliot in reference to before 1650, they were spelling it as the English were spelling it, and I kind of resented it, because the name for my family arriving in the America Plantation ca 1650  was altered to Elliot by English Puritan society there.  By spelling the name Elliot for those Ellot of the sixteenth century, is like saying a pike of six ells is eighteen feet long, which makes an ell are yard long. My family arrived in America as Ulster Scots, with an ell longer than a yard, and the name Ellot not Elliot.


Mark Elliott 11/14/2013

Though north of where I have lived in the San Juan National Forest, of Colorado, USA.  The have developed a plan for hunting the moose, because the black bear is friends with the moose, and they know better than introducing the wolf.

Moose SW CO 2005

So the plan properly analysed is to hunt the moose to control it’s population.


Though mentioned there are American moose same as United Kingdom elk in the (had also seen American elk there. The first American elk my wife saw she called a big deer. Yes, they look like big deer), San Juan, and the best way for southwest Colorado, to control the moose (moose; etymology of eastern Algonquian, an indigenous American nation) is to have them hunted. To introduce the wolf, it would spread, because they pack up like they are ancestors to the dog, and kill livestock, would harm the rancher’s way of living. Have a neighbor of the Tanner family of Trading Post owners, said his grandfather put a trail down the grand canyon. At Desert View overlook in the Grand Canyon the trail which is visible is the Tanner Trail. A mutual friend who is Navajo said an older Tanner killed a bear, and he was referred to as bear; shush in Navajo, and the one who put the trail in may have been shush. The decedents of shush are shush yaz, or little bears. In hiking the San Juan, of Southwest Colorado, on the trail in front there was a shush yaz, which made me concerned with shush shima (mother bear). Unless one antagonizes shush shima, shush shima, can be kind. To figure out how to get beyond, shush yaz, without intimidating the unseen sush shima would be a trick. The American black bear unlike the polar bear is not known to be carnivorous, and are friends to the moose. Shush can not be dependent on controlling moose populations in the San Juan as well as the hunter which does not also go after livestock. Because in the San Juan the moose and the bear (shush) are friends. Still trying to figure out how to get by shush yaz without antagonizing shush shima. Did want to know where shush shima was at, so I started to grunt with increasing volume on following grunts. One has to at least try to communicate with the shush shima for ones own safety because she may want to protect her child. Shush shima was above me and above the trail with another shush yaz, which shush yaz usually come in pairs. Seem to be eating berries and was quite friendly, and looked at me as being no harm, seemly to wave me on. Guess the shush in the San Juan are friendly. by Mark Elliott           11/25/2013

With the Fairy Bear story of Fermanagh, Ulster the bear eats the moose, and some species are known to eat the moose.  A polar bear being carnivorous, would eat a moose.

Sagas of Fairy Bear (5)

The bear, and the moose are extinct in Ireland.  From this extinction the above the bear ate the elk/moose may have been concluded.

Do the descendants have the traits of the parents, mother or father?

polar bears maternal Irish brown bear DNA

If the mothers of a carnivorous, polar bear, are they carnivorous, also, and would they eat the moose.

Though I do not think the Irish bear eating the Irish moose made them extinct, but the Irish bear could have been easily a carnivorous meat  eater.

Irish elk

It is felt that given only fossil, and species in Ireland in extinction, it may be concluded the bear ate the elk.

Error in interpreting species extinction are easily made.

Mark Elliott                                  11/24/2013

An Elwald-Mangerton Armstrong marriage eighteenth century, showing name Elwald found in Yorkshire records.

Armstrong Elwald

Mark Elliott                         12/04/2013

Sagas of Fairy Bear (5)

The above seem to show that the Lomaine, Elwald, and Armstrong, seem to have the same mother, and likely the same father.


Bear, and Moose

Mark Elliott                         12/20/2013

The sword and the cross;

Milnholm Cross

One the Milnholm Cross there are letters IHS:

IHS cross

IHS on a cross, indicates that is a grave stone.

The Milnholm Cross

Milnholme valley listed 1376

In 1376, Milnholm Valley, and the Milnholm Cross in accordance to the contours is in a valley, is listed.    MSE  3/30/2014

To have the initials, on it of AA because there is not enough room for a full name, shows it is likely the grave stone for and Alexandir (Alexander), Armystrand (Armstrong) of Mangerton.

Though the genealogy has;

Armstrong genealogy

Given the range of years would think their should be others placed in the genealogy. On the Milnholm Cross, there placed above the AA likely Alexander (could be Achibald, after the Douglas; Archibald) is an MA. Since it is above I would question whether it is his wife, but likely I feel given viking orientation it would be his father.
So if anyone finds a Martin father of an Alexandir/Alexander Armystrand/Armystrang/Armstrang/Armystrong at the time of the Milnholme Cross, then likely that is what the initials MA/AA stand for.

The sword is indicative as a Scottish highlander sword which is felt evolved from an ulfberht sword;

Ulfberht sword


Correction 2/3/2014

In reference to;


Searching text with; ulf

Ulfberht, though may have some attachment to wolf, in the manner of usage it is felt the the word is evolved into sword.  So ulfberht means shiny sword. Other swords of the day because of the forging process, may not have been so lustrous, giving other swords a more wrought appearance. The ulfberht thought today doesn’t have it’s original luster at the time of creation, over the years, because of iron oxidation, of it’s outer exterior has taken this away.

MSE  2/3/2014

berht ulf


Norwegian Viking Sword

The sword on the Milnholme Cross looks like a Norwegian Viking Sword.

Norse settlement map

Feel that the Armstrong are some of the early residents of the region, but they are mainly Norse-Scandinavian-Viking.

Should be noted that there was an early Gilbert Armstrong as part of St. Andrews previous to the University, at the time of Alexandir Armystrand of Mangerton.


archdeacon Gilbert Andrews of St Andrews Gilbert Armstrong (1) Gilbert Armstrong (2) Gilbert Armstrong of St Mary on the Rock sec college of St Andrews Cathedral Gilbert Armstrong St Andrews Gilbert Armstrong, archdeacon of St Andrews Gilbert Armstrong, commissioner

Mark Elliott     2/3/2014

Armstand Ellot bleed

Ye nick a Armstrang, a Ellot bleeds,  Ye nick a Ellot a Armstrang bleeds.

The above I do not interpret coming from  the Armstrang and Ellot feuding, but coming from the Armstrang and the Ellot considering themselves as one family.

MSE 3/20/2014

Lowell C. Armstrong now has a website people may be interested in;

MSE 4/15/2015


Been working for years to get it in it's proper location.
It is felt that Redheugh, which the clan chief is; faught on the side of the Buccleuch in a feud against the Gorrenberry and Braidley Ellot, and her husband being in support of wind farms, and part of the aristocracy of the UK which are willing to destroy the ancestral, historical, antiquities of the UK by putting wind farms anywhere and challenging the centuries old protection of the Buccleuch family of the Hermitage Caste, is not willing to relocate Braidley to its proper locality so a wind farm can be built on Hermitage Castle Hill.

Mark Elliott     4/19/2014

Please support;

Hermitage Action Group

Hermitage Action Group are a local community group who aim to successfully defeat an industrial-scale ‘Windy Edge Wind Farm’ application, adjacent to …


If the Prince of Wales can stop a proposed wind 67 foot turbine outside his window in August, and the Scottish Border reivers, stop a defacing of the most iconic, historical ancestral antiquity that of an Infinis wind power turbine array, on Hermitage Castle Hill above the Hermitage Castle?

MSE 4/28/2014

Been trying for years to get Braidley located by the Elliot Clan Society it’s proper location between Gorrenberry and The Hermitage Castle. Now that I am riding with the Armstrongs, and Buck (Buccleauch), it is felt I found the answer why the Elliot Clan Society is not willing to move Martin’s Braidley to it’s proper locality.   Though the Elliot Clan say Braidley is in Treviotdale, Braidley was in Teviotdale

it is inLiddesdale, near Gorrenberry;

Ellot of Liddesdale

Martin’s Braidley is high (north) in Liddesdale on land from the Armstrong’s Whitehaugh Tower north to the Hermitage (Armytage) Castle. The reason The Elliot Clan Society does not want to support moving Braidley to the locality it should be located at because they support the propose INFINIS wind farm which will vandalize the Hermitage Castle.

Maggie Eliiott Chistopher Powell Wilkins

Christopher Powell Wilkins is the husband to the clan chief.

Christopher Powell Wilkins wind director Redheugh Newcastleton

As one can see he has an Redheugh, Newcastleton, Roxburghshire, plus a lot of connections to many a wind farm company.

No vote donors

One can see he has links to MI6 and likely a knowledge of covert activities. dukes chasing wind farm subsidies

One can see also that a lot of aristocracy a putting money, and may be more power from that money a head of land protection. It should be noted that the Buccleuch family has been providing and today in going up against the Infinis proposed wind farm on Hermitage Castle Hill are still providing protection for the Hermitage Castle and it’s surrounding, so people like myself who may want to visit Scotland their family homeland from across the sea will not have there homeland desecrated by electric power wind turbines.

Prince of Wales opposes wind farms.

It should be noted that even the Prince of Wales, does not want to have a small wind turbine near him in the month of August.   MSE    4/29/2014 Hermitage Castle Wind Farm Proposal


Windmills Hermitage Castle

MSE 5/7/2014

Armstrong Faribairn   Elwald/Ellot/Elliot distributions; gbnames.publicprofiler.org ARMSTRONG;

Armstrong distribution 1881


Fairbairn distribution 1881



Elliot distribution 1881

1881 DISTRIBUTIONS.   NORTHUMBERLAND/NORTHUMBRIA MAP showing Armstrong “army stand” along Liddel Flu.

Armstrong army stand a long Liddel


Armstrong name distribution Scotland 1891   Armstrong surname distribution England 1891   FAIRBAIRN;

Fairbairn distribution (3)   Fairbairn distribution (1) ELWALD/ELLOT/ELLIOT;

Scotland 1891 England 1891 300px-Angelsaksiske-jarldommer

1881 DISTRIBUTIONS.   Name distribution for Armstrong-Fairbairn Elwald/Ellot/Elliot seem to have a Northumberland/Northumbria distribution. MSE  5/8/2014   SURNAMES;  LIDDEL,  STEEL,  AND BELL    ORIGINATIONS. Liddel is from the Liddel Flu/Water/River, on the Scottish English border, but it is felt the name Little may have in some cases been derived from Liddel. Steel, though word is used in Liddesdale, have found it also in Tyndale on the English side, down near Hexam. Steel

as a surname is from;

Steele DSL

Where one can see Steel Road in such a locality; Liddesdale mapSteel

The name Bell is from the region also. At first I thought the surname Bell, may have came from Archibald Douglas “Bell the Cat”, it now is felt the name came from  a region or area referred to as The Belles;

liddel-map Bells

It can be seen that my Y-DNA of the Daniel (Andrew) Elliot modal, can is showing closeness to the Bell surname also; Rutherford-Scot-Ker-Armstrong-Burns-DNA-distance & Bells

MSE   5/13/2014



Some thoughts;

Previous to Robert of Redheugh becoming infeft; a landholder; Buccleuch took stewardardship, of the Armstrong land of Mangerton; which Redheugh was part of. That is why the Armstrong were not there when Robert of Redheugh was infeft. William Elwald of Gorrenberry was there when Robert became infeft. Land north of Redheugh (of the forest a region called Schawis), and west of Hermitage (of the hill Lawis), the William of Gorrenberry family is my family, which became of Horsliehill.

Maggie daughter of Arthur Eliott, of Stobs and Redheugh, was of the Gilbert Ellot line. Gilbert was born of Redheugh, but ended up as stepson of Gavin of Baillee and Stobs, and his wife a Jean Scot.

It is said that Gilbert was married to a Scot. Jean Scot wife first of Robert of Redheugh then the second wife of Gavin of Stobs. There is a chance since Gilbert is not a Redheugh name, a name from the region I refer to as Schawis between the Hermitage and Redheugh, in a region of The Barony of Cavers, like Braidley of between Gorrenberry and Hermitage Castle, that he may be the biological son of Gavin of Stobs.

Gilbert being not of the first child of Redheugh, and much lower in the line would not have been next in line to be the clan chief. It is felt that being strongly tied to the Buccleuch, line which was starting about the same time that Buccleuch and the Gilbert line had it’s start. With Gilbert not being of the first son of Redheugh, he need some tutoring. The Gorrenberry/Horsleyhill line was well tutored among the family, and many became Baillees of Shelkirk, so they are recorded in giving tutoring to Gilbert and his oldest William.

Gilbert rode with the Buccleuch Scots during what is known as the Ellot/Scot fued towards the end of the seventeenth century, and my family of Gorrenberry rode with Martin Ellot of Braidley next to Gorrenberry. To the Ulster Plantation Ellot and Armstrong would not utilize the names Gilbert or Walter.

The resettled Ellot of Ulster are not of gentry, like the Gilbert line, more like the notorious thief of Liddesdale; Clementis Hob, or likely the Cowie of Gorrenberry. We were not exactly liked by the Gilbert line. It is unlikely that the Gilbert line would use the names Martin and Andrew. This may be why the Gilbert line does not locate Braidley of Martin Ellot, between Goranberry, and the Hermitage Castle, and the Gilbert line also does not seem to recognize the people of Gorrenberry.

It should be noted that Gilbert line which is now of the chief line of the Elliot Clan. The Armstrong Clan has no chief. This is felt because of a difference in Norman and Scandinavian characteristics. One philosophy, is one of expertise, or a given strata level within a social structure, the other is a pitch in philosophy where the collective would end up with the best response. One is more gentry the other more reiver. It is up to the reader to figure out which is which.

For a reiver society with individual self directives to exist, it seem that the reiver when need will utilize individuals to deal with a stratified society such as a corporate society which is trying to intrude with wind farms, so the reivers are dependent on land stewardship, it may also be an example of governments securing land for particular groups. If this stewardship is secure then the reivers will support the one securing the land, which they share.

The Hermitage Castle Hill Infinis wind farm will affect the economy of Newcastleton and Hawick. Hawick more than those of The Hermitage Action Group seem to make their voices heard as being opposed to the Hermitage Hill Wind Farm (no manner what Infinis calls it).

Economically, Hawick is more dependent on not having wind mills on Hemitage Hill then any other community, and any money they may receive from Infinis is a payoff.

It should be noted that across the Scottish Boarder it seems that the Kerr, Scott, Hume, Rutherford, and Armstrong are beginning to work together to get this Hermitage Castle Hill wind farm stopped, and want to thank them in protecting a historical antiquity on the border, which is the symbolic homeland of the ancestral homeland of there ancestors which in some cases were resettled throughout the world.

To put a wind farm on Hermitage Castle Hill, would be telling these resettled boarder descendants they are no longer welcome in their Scottish homeland. These people are of great numbers throughout the world.

MSE   6/1/2014





Elwald Breton surname distribution

MSE 6/8/2014


Duke of Roxburghe, Northern British Windpower (NBW), Fallago Rig windfarm.



Duke of Roxburghe, Northern British Windpower (NBW), Fallago Rig windfarm.




MSE  6/12/2015

The Rich Rucker question;

It has been noted that both you and I have been censored from, The Family Tree DNA,  Clan Armstrong website, with no Clan Armstrong contacts listed, where we both consider ourselves Clan Armstrong. You being related to 90+% Clan Armstrong, and I migrating with them out of Germany to Bec,Northfolk, Rimington, Lancashire, to Cumbria, onto Canonbie, and into Liddesdale, Gorrenberry, onto Tullykelter, Fermanagh, then into the America Plantation, next to a Martin Armstrong of Sutton Massachusetts.

Rich Rucker question

No link, because the Clan Armstrong as Scandinavians do not want to claim any leadership. The Bear, sticks the younger brother the Elk (moose, Elwald, Ellot line) with the problem, and tries to give him the only United Kingdom option of a Wm de Aliot line out of France.

Clan Armstrong, I have the right not to be vanquished and become unvanquished as you.

Scientific knowledge in today’s day and in the past can be rationalized, by Puritanical Norman thinkers, to make things to seem correct. Cotton Mather wrote on witchcraft, and Harvard judges hung witches, granddad Scottish; the accusers did it out of sport. Today’s DNA as applied to genealogy is like a metre (yard stick, elwand) measuring the width of a hair. Unless other viable information is inputted, Y-DNA relevancy carries that of the Harvard judges during the witch trials in Salem.

One way to reach further in the past is to use how a family story such as the Clan Armstrong Fair Bear story migrates with it’s people and how the language of these Germanic people migrate towards where the Scottish Borderlands is today.

Stories passed down through families become part of that family history, and the longer they are passed down, the greater their importance. One such story though likely started before the establishment of the surname Clan Armstrong which cares for the story is the Fairy Bear Legend;

Today with my own family history the story seems to have meaning of a migration story. From the personal names German elk/elch and the Danish elg, meaning elk(moose) then paired with the German -wald was likely Old German Elchwald, then Danish Elgwalt (German/Danish king), then traveling to the British Isles where elk(moose) are extinct elch/elk/elg became elf similar toulf which is wolf in Danish, The name personal name evolved into a surname becaming Elfwaldin Norfolk, with and Alan Elfwald of Bec, then in Rimington, Lanchashire, Robert Elwald the son of Alan, onto Liddesdale, Gorrenberry the name became the younger brother of Robert which received lands of Redheugh a William Elwald of Gorrenberry, then onto Tullykelter, Fermanagh Ulster, the name became from the alias Dan for Andrew, a Daniel Ellot. His grandson of the same name Daniel Ellot  on to the American Plantation, with Puritan English the name becomeDaniel Elliot retaining the single “t” the way they today are spelling it on the Scottish Borders.  Then his son of the same name Daniel Elliot moves onto ca1700 Sutton, Massachusetts, and settles on land next to a Martin Armstrong.

In the United Kingdom, I am a Clan Armstrong, because the Norman wolf (lou), ate the Danish elk (elg), and for the name Elliott, only the Normans survive. Being that  Danish elk (elg) and Danish bear (bjørn) in the United Kingdom are friends, I can live among the Armstrong.


My family the family of the Elchwald, Elgwald, Elfwald, Elwald migrates with the family of the Fairy Bear (Fairbairn).


I am one step off in 25 to a von Ruecker/Rucker. It should be noted that from my understanding the word “von” like “de” means “of”, so the name Rucker may have a locality it is names after, but I have not been able to find it.

Rucker DNA Germany

Family Tree DNA calculator, at more than 27 generations shows that my DNA is close to being 100% likelihood that were related.

von Rueker Elliott Y-DNA tip calculator

It should be noted that the story of the Fairy Bear starts in Northern Germany, migrates to the borders and south Germany. Given surname distribution the pre Rucker family is from southern Germany, they likely carried the Die Missgeburt, (Armstrong Cronicles, ed Jame L. Armstrong) story with them south, and the pre Armstrong surname of the same Y-DNA group as the Rucker migrated north with their versions of the Fair Bear story.

Rucker surname distribution Germany

The Ruckers, Armstrong, and Elwald (Ellot), likely migrated from where the Old Norse languages began in Northern Germany.

Old Norse languages

Fair Bear Origins
Old Norse Dialect migrated with the Germanic-Danish Armstrong into the British Isles and north to the borderlands, other Germanic dialects of these Danes traveled south and carried the origins of the Fair (light in skin color, but darker that Osborn-White Bear) Bear story with them. where the Old Norse (Proto-Germanic-Danish) language had its beginning, is when the Bear (Beorn), Elk(moose, Elg), and Wolf (Danish Ulf, Norman Lou), of the Fair Bear story residing together, with the wolf eating the Elk, and the Bear and Elk were living as brothers, in this land.

R. Rucker;

This is the answer censored by big brother (Clan Armstrong), remember they are not going to censor me out, because my characteristics, are German, Danish, Northumbria, Borders, Ulster, and the Plantations like theirs. The English-Scots do not like to be told they are German, and your family is from where and in accordance to the Fairy Bear story, where the Armstrong came from in Germany, and the Old Norse-Proto Germanic language had it’s origins.

MSE   9/28/2015

Censored From Wikipedia;

Though given my writings, the activity was high, been excluded with writings deleted from writing on Wikipedia.  Even though I am an Elliott and a second generation research genealogist, utilizing Y-DNA verification, and chromosomal reasoning of a marsh dwelling elk (moose) returning to ancient homelands near Berlin, people rather believe the elk (moose) then me. Guess I must be half as smart, but twice as bull headed as that elk (moose).

Clan Crozier  has been censored and deleted from Wikipedia though it had a lot of activity.

Wiki Clan Crozier stats

Information contained in;

Clan Crozier

As compared to the Wikipedia site which had activity;

Clan Eliott stats1

The peaks an most of the activity was caused by censored information to the Clan Eliott site of;

Clan Elliot

Composed by Mark S. Elliott, but like Wikipedia article Clan Crozier, the Clan Elliot information was also censored from the Clan Eliott site.



Proto-Germanic R-U106

Mark S. Elliott   1/7/2016

Why Censored?

If historians, can not use deeds (sasine) in the history, then what are they using?


Valid reference on graphic;


Map verifies the Lariston lands of Redheugh;


Because the deed of Redheugh, Lariston, Hartsgarth and other; to the Clan Elliot chief’s land is old does not make it invalid.

Mark Elliott   1/12/2016

Search engine bias by adding a 2 to elliot to make elliot2;

search engine Elliot history bias by adding a 2

Try them;


Added a 2


QuintusPentillus of Clan Eliott Wikipedia linking to;


Can anyone figure out who QuintusPentillus is?

MSE   1/14/2006

Can’t be the work of MI6NBW, can it?

North British Windpower NBW Google image search

MSE  1/15/2016

Belinda Dettmann (good question from Graham FTDNA Activity Feed)

Mark, you seem to match a group of Elliotts, so why wouldn’t your name be Elliott, which is of Scottish origin? Admittedly the R-U106 Elliotts are not in the largest Elliott line (which is R-L21>L193) and your lot could all have come from somewhere in Germany well back in time, but I suspect they came via Scotland.

Mark Elliott to Belinda Dettmann

Kit#101829 M269>U106>S12025>S16361>A6719 Tested R-L21 negative.



A. Elch/Elk Elchwald Elkwald (Ewald Eichwald today’s Germany), Germany with Elch/Elk, Ewald (Elwald), and Eichwald (Elchwald), near Poland and Czech Republic.

B. Elgwalt/Elgwald ELG (Denmark), ELK (north Germany/UK), ELCH (south Germany), are forms of MOOSE (US/Canada).

C. Aldano filio Alfwald, Alan son of Elfwald to become Alan Elwald 1125. Croyland/Crowland, Lincolnshire.

1. Alan Elfwold (Elwald) of Bec, Norfolk, E Anglia, 1248 (near Gresham)

2. Robert Elwald of Oulton, Suffolk 1290 (Oulton Broad, Lowestoft, Suffolk, UK) of Norfolk/Rimington, Lancashire (W. Riding Yorkshire in 1304). http://gorrenberry.com/robert-elwald-clan-elliot-chief-1/

3. Robert 2

4. Robert 3

5. Robert 4

6. Robert 5

7. Robert 6

8. Robert 7

9. Robert 8

10. Robert 9

11. William Elwald of Gorrenberry, Liddesdale, Scotland

12. Robert Elwald (Archeis Hob) of Gorrenberry (adopted by uncle Archibald)

13. Andrew (Dand the Cowie) Elwald of Horsleyhill

14. Robert Elwald of Stobs/Gorrenberry (Clementis Hobs)

15. Dand-Daniel Ellott/Elliot/Elliott of Scotland/Tullykelter, Fermanagh, Ulster, Ireland. http://gorrenberry.com/daniel-elliott-1610-ulster-likely-catholic-then-anglican/ http://www.elwald.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/Dand-to-Daniel.pdf

16. Robert Ellot Tullykelter, Fermanagh, Ulster, Ireland

17. Daniel Ellot/Elliot of Tullykelter/Massachusetts, American Plantation http://gorrenberry.com/daniel-elliot-boston-scotland-3222015/

18. Daniel Elliot Salem Trials, Massachusetts, American Plantation http://gorrenberry.com/daniel-elliot-otter-neck-salem-village-salem-end/

19. Johnathan Sr

20. Johnathan Jr

21. John (The American Plantation, becomes the United States of America)

22. Comfort

23. Sherburn Amando of Iowa, USA

24. Amando Wilcox

25. Mark

26. Loren Spencer http://www.elwald.com/genealogy-by-dad-loren-s/

27. Mark Stephen (myself) in New Mexico on the Colorado Plateau containing the Grand Canyon (Cañon Grande). Near where four states New Mexico, Arizona, Utah and Colorado, come together to make four corners.

Above links, a very small part of generations of research.

Stobs, Horseyhill, and Gorrenberry are of Scotland, late fifteenth, sixteenth, and very early seventeenth century.

Infinis has been approved, by a representative of the Scottish Government (a reporter), in the same fashion (a reporter) for the Scottish Border Fallago Rig, with obviously the same results to industrially being destructive to The Borderlands, by approving the Infinis Windy Edge wind farm between Gorranberry, and The Hermitage Castle on homeland of an acting Elwald/Ellot chief, in defense of Mary Queen of Scots/Bothwell’s castle The Hemitage Castle, by placing Windy Edge wind farm between Gorrenberry and The Hermitage Castle, on Martin Ellot’s homeland of Braidley.


PRESERVATION is what I believe in. Preservation of The Hermitage Castle region, to not be destroyed by industrialization, and my own Y-DNA Chromosomal Line, not be destroyed by corporate profits, which comes out of the DNA of many families which have placed DATA for their own used not to be told that the family line did not take that course. Family DNA if it does not support a part of the family lineal history then it is incorrect and can be utilized in a manner, of people of Norman, strata level, not of a shared genealogical information level, but in a manner to destroy the history already established the genealogy of a given family.

MSE 3/21/2017

3 comments on “* Armstrong Fairbairn (Fairy Bear-Fair Beorn)
  1. Lowell C Armstrong says:

    I have researched our family history for about 15 years, found a lot of misinformation in the accepted belief and came up with a theory that family members seem to bring up every century or so. I don’t claim to be a historian but what follow is what I’ve found from historical records, sagas, legends and myth, with the knowledge that legend and myth are created only because the truth is to dangerous for those in power. I’ve tried to arrange it in a chronological order but tend to wander a bit.

    In the beginnings of the 6th century the progenitor of the house of Wessex was Cerdic. It was not known as Wessex until around the 8th or 9th century, prior to that it was the domain of the Gewisse meaning “the united”. Welsh genealogy record him as Cerdic King of Ergyng, Gwent,Nantes, and Wessex.
    It was in 1994 that John and Joseph Rudmin proposed a compelling theory “Arthur, Cerdic, and the formation of Wessex” identifying him as Cerdic Vreichvras {strenghtened arm}, thought to have been afflected with polio, and of Celtic birth. He was able to overcome his handicap with the aid of his wife Guignier and her brother Cador, the King of Cornwall. This was accomplished by welding a lump of raw iron to the end of a sword blade, thus strengthening the arm. Cerdic meant charity, so that he would go by “Strong Arm”. In ’02 noted genealogist Andrew Godsell produced “Cerdic and King Arthur” agreeing in part to the Rudmin theory and provided Welsh genealogical records showing Cerdic’s descent from Bran the Blessed and England’s first christian dynasty. To rule in the house of Wessex and eventually England you had to be a descendant of Cerdic.

    In the year 975 Edgar the Peaceful died leaving two sons. Edward, the eldest by a previous marriage and Ethelred III by Aelfthryth of Wessex. In 978 while visiting Aelfthryth at Corfe Castle, King Edward was killed by a servant of the Queen. Due to Ethelred’s youth, Aelfthryth was the first king’s wife to have been crowned and anointed as Queen of the Kingdom of England and served as regent until Ethelred came of age in 984.
    This is where our legendary Siward’s father,”the fair Bjorn” or also known as “Hringo Bjorn”, comes into the story and is later written out. Bjorn Styrbjornsson served as a sturaesman for the court and bore a ring to prove it. Magnusson and Morris’s interpretation of the Norse sagas provides a vivid description of his character and has Gritter the Strong calling him “a braggart ring bearer”. Hringo Bjorn, H’ ring o’ Bjorn. Bjorn is more than likely the one who murdered Edward at the request of the Queen, and in doing so had hers and Ethelred’s unfortunate gratitude.

    England’s raiding and invasions had been going on for several centuries with Ethelred to fight the Danish invasions led by Swein I and cousin {by Ragnar’s descendants} Thorkil the Tall Styrbjornsson. Thorkil and Bjorn were half-brothers. Siward Bjornsson would be born in 995 and his sister Margaret around 1000. The Beowulf manuscripts, thought to be the Bjorn family history, were found in Northumbria in the same region and written during the same time period Siward ruled as Earl. A fathers gift to his son? In 1013 Bjorn would be killed in the long standing argument he had with Gritter while delivering supplies from England to Swein’s forces on the Isle of Garter. Swein and Thorkil would be notified and it would be only months later that Thorkil would defict joining Ethelred’s forces. He would marry one of Ethelred’s daughters and have a daughter who would later marry Godwin having Harold Godwinsson. Thorkil’s defiction and service to Ethelred was latter forgiven by Swein with the penalty of becoming an Earl. I think it’s fairly logical to assume that Bjorn and Thorkil were spies and fed Swein info on who to kill in the upcoming conflicts.

    Siward’s first mention is in the service to Ealdred and later to marry his daughter. Ealdred’s father Uchtred, a nobleman in his latter years, was given Ethelred’s daughter in marriage to solidify Northumbrian loyalty in 1014. This daughter, one of four Aelfgifu’s, is in my opinion, Siward’s mother and the reason for him being “of the Strong Arm”. I feel he grew up in Ethelred’s court seeing father Bjorn only when he returned from his excursions as sturaesman and enemy agent and that Siward would accompany Ethelreds court when they fled to Normandy. His mothers marriage to Uchtred would be a year or so after Bjorn had died and Siwards first appearance in their court can only mean a sons concern for his mother. There is another possible scenario which would explain the mystery as to her identity. His mother was the Queen mother Aelfthryth from a scandelous romance with Bjorn, making Siward, Ethelred’s half-brother.

    Swein’s subsequent battle victories in 1013 forced Ethelred and his court into exile gaining sanctuary in Normandy with Richard {also called Robert}”the Devil”, later to become “the Good” by the Church for his going on crusade. Ethelred had married Richards sister Emma of Normandy several years prior and her sons, Alfred and Edward the Confessor and daughter Godgifu {Godiva} would spend their adolescent years in France. Edward would grow up with William the Bastard/Conqueror, Richards son. He and Alfred would make an attempt to return to England with Alfred being killed and Edward escaping to return to Normandy. In his final years Edward would name William as heir to the throne of England.

    Siward would have a daughter known as Sybil Fitzsiward. Her birth more or less verifies his coming of age in France and “fitz” is a french term for illegitimate, for the French to brand her in this way meant Siward was of royal birth.

    Swein’s death a year after his conquest and his young son Canute’s inability to hold on to the crown allowed Ethelred to return to power briefly, but not with Emma and the children. Ethelred would soon die leaving son Edmund Ironsides to rule and after several battles gave in to joint rule, he in Wessex and Canute the remainder. Edmund mysteriously dies shortly thereafter. Canute would be crowned and then summon “Ethelred’s relic”, {Emma} who “not caring greatly for her children by Ethelred ” would leave them in France and give Canute sons Harthcanute and Harold. Siward being 20 at this time was 10 years her children’s elder and the most likely to stay as the children’s protector, this will be shown again in his life.

    The Anglo-Saxon Chronicles entry for 1016 reads, “There Canute had the victory, and all the English nation fought against him, and all the nobility of the English race was there destroyed”. Canute would also send Edmund’s 2 month old son Edward the Exile and Edmund II to Olof, King of Sweden, to murder as he didn’t have the heart. Olof couldn’t do it either and sent them to his daughter in Kiev, later to Hungary where Edmund II died.
    Siward would first appear during Canute’s reign. He no doubt came highly recommended by Emma and by Norse lines was related to Canute. Siward carried the legend of the Fairy Bear. Historian Charles Kingsley wrote “Canute had divided England into four great earldoms, each ruled, under him, by a jarl, or earl–a Danish, not a Saxon title. At his death in 1036, the earldoms of Northumbria and East Anglia–the more strictly Danish parts–were held by a true Danish hero, Siward Biorn, alias Digre “the Stout”, conqueror of Macbeth, and son of the Fairy Bear; proving his descent, men said, by his pointed and hairy ears.”
    A great white bear stole a Earls daughter and had a child named Bjorn. The child had the ears of a bear. The bear was Siward’s grandfather, Styrbjorn Olafsson. Styrbjorn was a deposed prince who with Swein formed the Jombsburg Vikings. The Earl was Harold “Bluetooth” Gnormsson, Swein’s father. The dottir was either Harold’s from his first wife or, due to the birth defect and legend, his dottir by Styrbjorn’s sister.
    Styrbjorn would at his end convince Harold to assist him in the battle against uncle Eric Bjornsson and upon landing in Sweden, burnt the fleet given him by Eric. Harold seeing this turned his ships around and sailed back to Denmark. Swein was among those that escaped the battle and would eventually hunt down his father and kill him. From all that I have read about Siward, he was nothing like his father or grandfather, he was accused of an assassination but the victim was deserving.

    Siward would serve Canute, his sons, and Edward the Confessor with Edward making him commander to all of the forces of England. He would be Leofric of Mercia and Godiva’s {Ethelred’s youngest} closest friend and his son Osbjorn would marry their youngest daughter and have two sons. Kingsley comments “They had, probably, another daughter beside; married, it may be, to some son of Leofric’s stanch friend old Siward Biorn, the Viking Earl of Northumberland, and conqueror of Macbeth; and the mother, may be, of the two young Siwards, the “white” and the “red,” who figure in chronicle and legend as the nephews of Hereward. But this pedigree is little more than a conjecture.”

    Siward’s second son, Waltheof {pronounced Wallef}, was by his marriage to Aelfflaed. The young Siward that died in Shakespeare’s Macbeth was his nephew but the misery was complicated since Osbjorn was also killed in England while Siward was in route to Scotland. Waltheof translates “forest thief”, his marriage to Williams niece gained him favor but his opposition, twice, was his demise. Waltheof was the only one of the English hierarchy that was beheaded. By paternal descent, he was the third Earl of Huntingdon with the title being passed to the Scottish house of Dunkeld with Waltheof’s daughters marriage to David I and the title would be held by those following to Alexander the III. Though he had 3 daughters, no sons were ever recorded, yet there are obvious coincidences with the legend of Robin Hood and if he was the outlaw, wouldn’t be on the records. This is impossible to prove but Mundays published account in the early 17th century was the first to identify him as the son of the third earl of Huntingdon and I’m sure the Armstrong’s would have embraced the idea.

    According to some genealogical records Siward’s sister, Margaret Beron married Duncan, King of Scotland. Duncan’s death at the hands of Macbeth left their adolescent son, Malcolm and young Siward to be raised by Siward. Malcolm would eventually regain the throne but Siward would die prior to this in 1055. One of the last entries to Siwards history was of his marriage to Godiva in order to prevent the Church from acquiring her lands after her death. I feel they had been in love with each all their lives but because of their relationship it was forbidden.

    Our family legends tell of Siward dressing in his armor to meet death, what they don’t tell you and Saxo Grammaticus does is to avoid a cow’s death, Siward dressed himself in his armor and lept from the tower of St Olives in York. Siward built St. Olaf’s, as it was named at that time, and in the 1960’s repairs were done to the front steps. There was a man of enormous stature buried beneath them. For some reason they choose not to put two and two together. Whether you built the church or not being buried there would be out of the question if you had committed suicide and where better to bury him then at the steps of the church where he fell. Touchy subject, probably left better not spoke of.

    In 1057 Edward the Confessor received news his nephew Edward the Exile was still alive and recalled him to England making him his heir. Approved by the King and Witan, he returned and within two days was murdered. Godwin or William being the suspected killer as they were next in ascension. Edwards children were Edgar the Etheling, St Margaret of Scotland, and Cristina.
    Malcolm would marry Margaret the Etheling, daughter to Edward the Exile and Edgar’s sister. Most speculation is to lay claim to England for his sons. Malcolm’s mother was “of” the house of Wessex, Uncle Siward was “of ” the house of Wessex, Margaret his wife and brother-in-law Edgar are the house of Wessex. Their first five sons were named after the kings of Wessex and his first campaigns against England were with Edgar the Etheling. Edgar was nominated as heir apparent, but was to young, and was eventually swept aside by Harold Godwinsson. The following is taken from wikipedia.
    “Following Harold’s death at the Battle of Hastings against the invading Normans in October, the Witanagemot assembled in London and elected Edgar king. The new regime thus established was dominated by the most powerful surviving members of the English ruling class,Stigand Archbishop of Canterbury, Ealdred, Archbishop of York, and the brothers Edwin, Earl of Mercia, and Morcar, Earl of Northumbria. The commitment of these men to Edgar’s cause, men who had so recently passed over his claim to the throne without apparent demur, must have been doubtful from the start. The strength of their resolve to continue the struggle against William of Normandy was questionable and the military response they organized to the continuing Norman advance was ineffectual. When William crossed the Thames at Wallingford he was met by Stigand, who now abandoned Edgar and submitted to the invader. As the Normans closed in on London, Edgar’s key supporters in the city began negotiating with William. In early December the remaining members of the Witan in London met and resolved to take the young uncrowned king out to meet William to submit to him at Berkhamsted, quietly setting aside Edgar’s election.”
    Siding with opposing sides of the Norman struggle after William’s death usually resulted in Edgar being on the losing side for most of his truly sad life. Wikipedia adds.
    “Back in Europe, Edgar again took the side of Robert Curthose in the internal struggles of the Norman dynasty, this time against Robert’s youngest brother who was now Henry I, King of England. He was taken prisoner in the final defeat at the Battle of Tinchebray in 1106, which resulted in Robert being imprisoned for the rest of his life. Edgar was more fortunate: having been taken back to England he was pardoned and released by King Henry. His niece Edith (renamed Matilda), daughter of Malcolm III and Margaret, had married Henry in 1100. Edgar is believed to have traveled to Scotland once more late in life, perhaps around the year 1120. He lived to see the tragic death at sea in November 1120 of William Adeling, the son of his niece Edith and heir to Henry I. Edgar was still alive in 1125 according to William of Malmesbury who was writing at the time. The general consensus is that Edgar died shortly after 1125. The location of his grave is not known.
    There is no evidence that Edgar had married or produced children apart from two curious references to an “Edgar Adeling” found in the Magnus Rotulus Pipae Northumberland (Pipe rolls) for the years 1158 and 1167. Edward Freeman writing in The History of the Norman Conquest says that either this was the same Edgar and aged at least 110 years (an exceedingly unlikely thing) or it was a son of his or it was some other person known by the title “Ætheling”. Nevertheless, as far as anyone knows, the death of Edgar extinguished the male line of the original royal family of England.”

    Did it?,, isn’t it within the realm of possibility that a forgotten son would blend in with those who are his kin and bear his name, though falsely. Malcolm was said to have numerous children. The tradition at that time was as a boy, your uncle raised you, as he was more likely to hand out a harsher punishment that your father. Many of those children may have been Edgar’s. If for over a hundred years unknown forces were eliminating your line?,, would you let anyone know of a wife and children and perhaps hide them amongst kin so that “Invictus Maneo”? It sure seems like if we remain unvanquished there was reason to believe someone didn’t die!!
    When I uncovered this information many years ago, it really didn’t matter to me that there were several family lines bearing the name, or which one I’m descended from, still doesn’t, but what does matter and angers me is the fact that for over a thousand years people have ignored and continue to ignore the obvious. This legend of Siward’s great strength and bravery in saving Malcolm was the story invented. Only the family Etheling had hung on to the knowledge that Cerdic was a cripple, a truth they didn’t want known.
    In my belief the three families had kept this to themselves and would claim the house of Dunkeld as our Kings until the death or assassination of Alexander the III.
    Facts: our first Laird Alexander was born when Alexander the III was 20; our second Laird was murdered by the Baron of Solouis and the “Milholm Cross was erected in his honor. Though called a cross it bears the Armstrong emblem on a pommel and appears to be more a hilt rather than a cross member. It is “a sword in stone” and “a sword in a stone” with historians writing in the early 1800’s that the sword that is carved into the stone was added at a later date. Whether this was to commemorate the death of our second martyr, Johnnie Gilnockie is only left up to speculation but what is obvious is it connects the Armstrongs to the Arthurian myth created by the French, and the Armstrong knew Arthur was Cerdic. The Armstrong’s are by title and some by a possible bloodline, the original Kings of England and what remains of the House of Cerdic, {Strong Arm}.

  2. RC Elliott says:

    If puns your recech very interesting. My brother had started his own 15 years or so ago. Within the names and dates, perhaps you might find out some more information, which in turns maybe useful in out own research . Thank you for taking the time to opening your family lineage so that others may have answers to their family lineages. Good luck, cousin.

  3. RC Elliott says:

    If found your recech very interesting. My brother had started his own 15 years or so ago. Within the names and dates, perhaps you might find out some more information, which in turns maybe useful in our own research . Thank you for taking the time to opening your family lineage so that others may have answers to their family lineages. Good luck, cousin.

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